The development of the model online ABS permit system to support implementation of the Nagoya Protocol is intended to be an open access initiative that allows countries to share tools and resources developed to meet their own needs with other countries. The implementation of an online ABS permit system will also require capacity development in a range of areas such as biodiversity informatics, scientific landscaping and patent analytics.

This page highlights samples of existing work and tools that can support countries interested in implementing the model. As we are very much in the initial stages of this project we provide a sample of existing work and tools that informed the development of the model system. Please feel welcome to submit suggestions for resources and the page will be updated as new resources become available.

The ABS Clearing House Mechanism

The ABS Clearing House Mechanism is the central home for information and resources on access and benefit-sharing. The model online permit system is intended to provide inputs into the ABS CHM.

###Scientific Landscapes for Access and Benefit-Sharing

Scientific landscaping focuses on analysis of the presence of biodiversity and traditional knowledge in the scientific literature using a combination of text mining and data visualisation tools.

Between 2015 and 2016 the ABS Initiative supported the development of a range of scientific landscapes in the form of interactive Tableau workbooks that provide an overview of trends in research, key actors and key networks for ABS research in 10 African countries.

These landscapes can be accessed on a Tableau Public website and the individual country data can be accessed from the links below.

A regional landscape for research on ABS in Africa that combines the data above is approaching completion and can be accessed here.

Patent Landscapes

Patent landscapes provide insights into trends in innovation that involved genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge. Here we highlight resources for devloping capacity in patent landscape analysis and then existing studies on patent landscapes.

Resources on Patent Analytics

Literature and Studies

Biodiversity Informatics and Analysis Tools

The ability to monitor research activity involving genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge is tied to access to electronic data to facilitate searches and analysis. This typically involves the use of APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) or webservices that provide direct access to the databases behind websites.

An example of a key resource for biodiversity informatics is the Global Biodiversity Information Facility which provides a free webservice to download biodiversity information on individual countries.

A set of important resources are being developed by the ropensci in the form of R packages that can be used to access and retrieve scientific data from a wide range of sources such as gbif, crossref and pubmed. These and similar packages such as rorcid provide a platform for cost-effective monitoring of research activity. API clients have also been developed in more general languages such as Python and Ruby, with R being particularly well suited for statistical and analytics purposes.

In the case of patent data, free resources are presently limited with the exceptions of databases such as WIPO Patentscope and the Lens. API access to patent databases is presently limited to the EPO Open Patent Services for which Paul Oldham is in the early stages of developing an R package as opsr. The Lens database is a powerful tool for ABS related research and a package to access the lens using R is under development as lensr. The United States Patent and Trademark Office is also developing an API for access to its database in JSON at Patents View.